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[Critical Reasoning] 试题详情

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?

Options:

As people grow older, they are often advised to keep exercising their physical and mental capacities in order to maintain or improve them.
Many medical conditions and treatments that adversely affect a person’s mental sharpness also tend to increase that person’s social isolation.
Many people are proficient both in social interactions and in solving mathematical problems.
The study did not itself collect data but analyzed data bearing on the issue from prior studies.
The tasks evaluating mental sharpness for which data were compiled by the study were more akin to mathematics problems than to conversation.

Correct:

B

[Critical Reasoning]

提问:

請問金老師,先說我的理解,一開說算數學和拼拼圖可以增加腦力,後來說不用那麼麻煩,你只要多去社交就可以增加腦力,我對B的理解是他想要切斷社交和腦力之間的關係,雖然他們同時下降,但原因是某種治療,兩者之間並不存在關聯性,請問理解有錯嗎?
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39浏览

[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
請問金老師,先說我的理解,一開說算數學和拼拼圖可以增加腦力,後來說不用那麼麻煩,你只要多去社交就可以增加腦力,我對B的理解是他想要切斷社交和腦力之間的關係,雖然他們同時下降,但原因是某種治療,兩者之間並不存在關聯性,請問理解有錯嗎?
0评分
94浏览

[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
这道题错选了D,请问一下D是不是犯了原文并没有给出信息的逻辑错误。谢谢
0评分
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[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
Tina老师好,这道题我错选C,而且不理解B为什么对。我的做题思路是:社交多的人——脑力好,削弱这点,C有的人既数学能力强,又社交能力强,本来应该二者取一,现在二者都有就反驳了社交导致脑力好的说法。我觉得挺对,不知道为什么,B选项:一些影响脑力的治疗也会影响社交,能反驳。这题如果用逻辑链应该怎么想? 谢谢Tina老师
1评分
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[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
老师: 我看到英吉老师og精讲里说这道选B,是因为因果倒置。但是我很困惑着题是怎么提炼逻辑链的,我认为的逻辑链是说,因为有研究说人越社交越聪明—————>所以得出结论,人和别人说说话,就足够保持脑袋聪明了。那么这道题就等于是抨击了研究的可信度也就是因中的问题,而非大逻辑链的因到果的因果倒置。我也知道我理解的逻辑链到这前后两句说的有点废话,但是我会觉得这才是逻辑链。我理解的是不是有问题啊? 很多题都会类似这样给个一大段实验研究,然后推出一个结论,比如OG的664,我就觉得是在说因为做了个实验,有D的那8盆比被移除了D的长得好————>所以得出结论有天然授粉所以长得好,这道题抨击的也是“因”有问题,但我感觉我这种因果逻辑链的思路会非常麻烦,因为往往整理出来都是一大段自带逻辑关系的因导致了一个一大段自带逻辑关系的果,求老师指点。 找英吉老师的话我怕老师骂我(>﹏<)
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[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
明白为什么选B了,但是还是想不通A错误的原因。逻辑链是:better social=>better mental,而A说随着人长大,他们经常被联系去锻炼自己mental的能力,这算不算给better mental补充了别的原因,削弱了逻辑链
2评分
183浏览

[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
老师我尝试把原文中的重要内容因素抽象成ABCD:A 智力活动-导致->B 保持头脑清晰(mental sharpness)锻炼心智能力 C 社交活动-导致->B 心智能力强 问:削弱 C--推出-->B的选项 错选D,这项研究压根就没有收集数据啊,分析了他想对比的智力活动研究成果,所以说C能推出B的话,自己的论点缺乏论据支撑。 B我没想选,上来就杀了,因为扯的都是智力活动那一方面产生的一些社交孤立的情况,没有涉及题目要求的--社交能力能提高心智能力这条evidence cited 您看我逻辑推理上的漏洞在哪里?有哪些需要注意、提升的建议?谢谢!
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[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
原文结论是more social contact,better mental skill,正确答案B选项是worse mental skill, worse social。这算是原文的逆否命题么?逆否命题应该是support原文结论的吧?
-2评分
163浏览

[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
驳斥题。感觉B是个无关选项,讲“many medical conditions and treatments” 对人的精神和与社会活动的影响。而原文要驳斥的是“人的精神状态好坏与其社交频率高低的关系”。 误选E。
-2评分
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[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
看完答案解释之后仍然觉得E比B更对。B明显需要主观发散思维才能有联系,而E更直接。求解释。
-1评分
231浏览

[Undefined]Critical Reasoning

It is widely assumed that people need to engage in intellectual activities such as solving crossword puzzles or mathematics problems in order to maintain mental sharpness as they age. In fact, however, simply talking to other people—that is, participating in social interaction, which engages many mental and perceptual skills—suffices. Evidence to this effect comes from a study showing that the more social contact people report, the better their mental skills.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?
不理解为什么B是削弱,我选了E,觉得E的信息是however前的,可以帮助削弱结论,傻傻分不清了,麻烦老师解答一下

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