Reading Comprehension

[Reading Comprehension] 试题详情

    Why firms adhere to or deviate from their strategic plans is poorly understood. However, theory and limited research suggest that the process through which such plans emerge may play a part. In particular, top management decision-sharing consensus-oriented, team-based Decision -making-may increase the likelihood that firms will adhere to their plans, because those involved in the decision-making may be more committed to the chosen course of action, thereby increasing the likelihood that organizations will subsequently adhere to their plans.

    However, the relationship between top management decision-sharing and adherence to plans may be affected by a firm's strategic mission (its fundamental approach to increasing sales revenue and market share, and generating cash flow and short-term profits). At one end of the strategic mission continuum, "build" strategies are pursued when a firm desires to increase its market share and is willing to sacrifice short-term profits to do so. At the other end, "harvest" strategies are used when a firm is willing to sacrifice market share for short-term profitability and cash-flow maximization. Research and theory suggest that top management decision-sharing may have a more positive relationship with adherence to plans among firms with harvest strategies than among firms with build strategies. In a study of strategic practices in several largefirms, managers in harvest strategy scenarios were more able to adhere to their business plans. As one of the managers in the study explained it, this is partly because "[t] ypically all a manager has to do [when implementing a harvest strategy] is that which was done last year." Additionally, managers under harvest strategies may have fewer strategic options than do those under build strategies; it may therefore be easier to reach agreement on a particular course of action through decision-sharing, which will in turn tend to promote adherence to plans. Conversely, in a "build" strategy scenario, individual leader-ship, rather than decision-sharing, may promote adherence to plans. Build strategies-which typically require leaders with strong personal visions for a firm's future, rather than the negotiated compromise of the team-based decision-maybe most closely adhered to when implemented in the context of a clear strategic vision of an individual leader, rather than through the practice of decision-sharing.
The passage cites all of the following as differences between firms using build strategies and firms using harvest strategies EXCEPT

Options:

their willingness to sacrifice short-term profits in order to build market share
their willingness to sacrifice building market share in order to increase short-term profitability
the number of strategic options available to their managers
the relative importance they assign to maximizing cash-flow
how likely they are to employ decision-sharing in developing strategic plans

Correct:

E

Reading Comprehension

1评分
113浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

第二段整段全是,没有办法找,先看看选项。反向except问法,AB一定都说过。后三个记住,去原文找,排除了第三项,后两项。。。。。。。没气了
1评分
90浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

这题到底选什么哦??答案说E,录音说D诶??我觉得每个选项原文都提了,我选不出来…
1评分
68浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

Except题,根据题目所问定位到了第二段At one end…杀掉了前三个选项,后面两个选项似乎在读第一遍原文的时候都没有直接看到过,E选项某些词倒是看见过,当时因为这题是32题,模考的时候时间不多了,虽然知道这不是正确方法,但还是蒙了E,结果答案是D。请教老师如果这种情况发生在考场上该怎么办还有这道题应该怎样才能选出D。
1评分
113浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

第二段整段全是,没有办法找,先看看选项。反向except问法,AB一定都说过。后三个记住,去原文找,排除了第三项,后两项。。。。。。。没气了
1评分
90浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

这题到底选什么哦??答案说E,录音说D诶??我觉得每个选项原文都提了,我选不出来…
1评分
68浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

Except题,根据题目所问定位到了第二段At one end…杀掉了前三个选项,后面两个选项似乎在读第一遍原文的时候都没有直接看到过,E选项某些词倒是看见过,当时因为这题是32题,模考的时候时间不多了,虽然知道这不是正确方法,但还是蒙了E,结果答案是D。请教老师如果这种情况发生在考场上该怎么办还有这道题应该怎样才能选出D。

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