Critical Reasoning

试题详情

题目:

Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty.  It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity.  However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual.  Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies' finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in a given field.
 
In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

选项:

A、The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B、The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C、The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D、The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E、The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.

答案:

D

提问:

第一个黑体字解释了科学家传统想法的原因,第二个黑体字在however之后所以应该和第一个黑体字的方向相反,且第二个黑体字是一个发现,后面解释了这个发现的原因,所以不明白为什么选D,如果是D那么两个黑体字的方向就一样了
评分: -1
浏览: 122

提问:

第一个是evidence排了Ab,方向与第二个相反排c然后选了e
评分: 0
浏览: 100

提问:

老师,这道题我在网页版上做的时候,题目划线句和答疑器上题目句不一样,我做的划线句是however,studies show that后面一直到older age than is usual,还有一句是最后一句话的 scientists over forty have generally到最后,就是这个照片显示这样,然后我选的C,因为我觉得第一个划线句是跟commonly thought相反,然后我觉得commonly thought是argument,但是答案说第一句话是support的argument favor,所以我有点疑惑,这里的arguement favor和challenge到底应该怎么评判?谢谢老师[img=/resource/2020-10/25-1602518545.jpeg]
评分: 1
浏览: 99

提问:

第一个黑体字解释了科学家传统想法的原因,第二个黑体字在however之后所以应该和第一个黑体字的方向相反,且第二个黑体字是一个发现,后面解释了这个发现的原因,所以不明白为什么选D,如果是D那么两个黑体字的方向就一样了
评分: -1
浏览: 122

提问:

第一个是evidence排了Ab,方向与第二个相反排c然后选了e
评分: 0
浏览: 100

提问:

老师,这道题我在网页版上做的时候,题目划线句和答疑器上题目句不一样,我做的划线句是however,studies show that后面一直到older age than is usual,还有一句是最后一句话的 scientists over forty have generally到最后,就是这个照片显示这样,然后我选的C,因为我觉得第一个划线句是跟commonly thought相反,然后我觉得commonly thought是argument,但是答案说第一句话是support的argument favor,所以我有点疑惑,这里的arguement favor和challenge到底应该怎么评判?谢谢老师[img=/resource/2020-10/25-1602518545.jpeg]
评分: 1
浏览: 99
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