Critical Reasoning

[Critical Reasoning] 试题详情

Ecologist:  The Scottish Highlands were once the site of extensive forests, but these forests have mostly disappeared and been replaced by peat bogs.  The common view is that the Highlands' deforestation was caused by human activity, especially agriculture. However, agriculture began in the Highlands less than 2,000 years ago.  Peat bogs, which consist of compressed decayed vegetable matter, build up by only about one foot per 1,000 years and, throughout the Highlands, remains of trees in peat bogs are almost all at depths great than four feet.  Since climate changes that occurred between 7,000 and 4,000 years ago favored the development of peat bogs rather than the survival of forests, the deforestation was more likely the result of natural processes than of human activity.
 
In the ecologist's argument the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Options:

The first is evidence that has been used in support of a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is a finding that the ecologist uses to counter that evidence.
The first is evidence that, in light of the evidence provided in the second, serves as grounds for the ecologist's rejection of a certain position.
The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second is evidence that has been used in support of that position.
The first is a position that the ecologist rejects; the second provides evidence in support of that rejection.
The first is a position for which the ecologist argues; the second provides evidence to support that position.

Correct:

B

Critical Reasoning

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[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

麻烦老师分析一下这道题~选的D.
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[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

看到第一处黑体字出现在转折之后,排除掉ACD,然后开始对比BE。 当时时间有些赶,我下意识的人认为结论句出现在转折词however后面,结果错选了E。 最后我对完答案,仔细看完全部才发现最后一句才是结论。 请问这样的失误应该怎么避免呢? 另外,请问在这种题中有没有办法快速判断一句话是结论还是论据呢? 如果没有的话,碰到长难句很多的boldface题应该怎么解题呢? 谢谢老师。
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[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师能讲一下BF题怎么做吗?我基本上做一次错一次。麻烦您看一下我的做题思路问题出在哪? 高地的deforestation是因为人类活动,第一个bf转折以前农业就开始少了(说deforestation不是由于人类活动导致),第二个bf提供了证据支持deforestation不是有人类活动导致。 我选的D 第一bf反对ecologist,第二个就是用evidence支持这个反对。 谢谢老师!
0评分
151浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

麻烦老师分析一下这道题~选的D.
0评分
137浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

看到第一处黑体字出现在转折之后,排除掉ACD,然后开始对比BE。 当时时间有些赶,我下意识的人认为结论句出现在转折词however后面,结果错选了E。 最后我对完答案,仔细看完全部才发现最后一句才是结论。 请问这样的失误应该怎么避免呢? 另外,请问在这种题中有没有办法快速判断一句话是结论还是论据呢? 如果没有的话,碰到长难句很多的boldface题应该怎么解题呢? 谢谢老师。
0评分
122浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师能讲一下BF题怎么做吗?我基本上做一次错一次。麻烦您看一下我的做题思路问题出在哪? 高地的deforestation是因为人类活动,第一个bf转折以前农业就开始少了(说deforestation不是由于人类活动导致),第二个bf提供了证据支持deforestation不是有人类活动导致。 我选的D 第一bf反对ecologist,第二个就是用evidence支持这个反对。 谢谢老师!

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