Critical Reasoning

试题详情

题目:

Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty.  It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity.  However, a study has found that almost all scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their fields late and less than a dozen years before their creative breakthroughs.  Since creative breakthroughs by scientists under forty also generally occur within a dozen years of the scientist's entry into the field, the study's finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not due to age but rather because most have spent too long in their fields.
 
In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

选项:

A、The first is the position that the argument as a whole defends; the second is evidence that is advanced as part of that defense.
B、The first and second are both claims that have been advanced in support of a position that the argument as a whole opposes.
C、The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second provides evidence in support of a competing explanation that the argument defends.
D、The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is evidence that has been used against an alternative explanation that the argument defends.
E、The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge that explanation.

答案:

C

提问:

老师能解释下CDE三个选项直接的区别吗。另外,defend翻译是辩护,在boldface题里面是支持的意思?
评分: -1
浏览: 220

提问:

以下为做题思路: 1、前后两部分句意相反,因此排除ABD 2、C和E根据句意和文章打头的论据,感觉粗体第一句为支持,第二句为驳斥,所以选了E 关于boldface的题,老师上课很少讲这类题,有以下一个疑惑: 1、有however的词一定为转折吗? 2、读句子的时候,把握不准到底那一句是支持,哪一句是驳斥,句子的意思一下子很容易混乱。 老师能够讲讲如何做这类题目么?谢了!
评分: 0
浏览: 174

提问:

C选项中的competing怎么理解呢?
评分: 0
浏览: 105

提问:

老师能解释下CDE三个选项直接的区别吗。另外,defend翻译是辩护,在boldface题里面是支持的意思?
评分: -1
浏览: 220

提问:

以下为做题思路: 1、前后两部分句意相反,因此排除ABD 2、C和E根据句意和文章打头的论据,感觉粗体第一句为支持,第二句为驳斥,所以选了E 关于boldface的题,老师上课很少讲这类题,有以下一个疑惑: 1、有however的词一定为转折吗? 2、读句子的时候,把握不准到底那一句是支持,哪一句是驳斥,句子的意思一下子很容易混乱。 老师能够讲讲如何做这类题目么?谢了!
评分: 0
浏览: 174

提问:

C选项中的competing怎么理解呢?
评分: 0
浏览: 105
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