Critical Reasoning

[Critical Reasoning] 试题详情

Press Secretary:  Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.  They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts.  But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors.  So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.
 
Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends?

Options:

Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.
The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President's party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

Correct:

B

Critical Reasoning

3评分
304浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

只有把B改成 “The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by opposition parties." 我觉得才make sense. 因为只有被identify成wasteful的这些项目大多数不在反对党控制的地区,而在其他不属于反对党控制的地区也有很多被认定成wasteful,才能证明President是不偏心的。B选项说的是被identify成wasteful的这些项目大多数不在总统控制的地区,也就意味着总统控制的地区没有什么被identify成wasteful的项目,所以只会让人怀疑总统还是偏心于他的党派的。
1评分
136浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

我选了E,我的思路是这样。假设题需要提炼出原文的逻辑链,我提炼的逻辑链:因为所有被取消的PROJECTS都被无党派人士认为是多余的,所以总统显然是公正的,没有党派偏见。 E选项说,无党派人士的报告是没有被反对党左右的。所以增加了结论的可信度。
0评分
132浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师,想问下这道题逻辑链怎么拎出来的。我初步的拎出来思路,还是有些翻译的感觉,您看我的问题怎么纠正:我:大多数反对党控制的区域的高速项目被取消了,原因其实并不是因为President要报复(外部审计师已提供足够客观的证明了),实际上取消是因为预算吃紧。老师可以语音或者语音文字结合,您怎么方便怎么回复。Tina老师反馈过的两道题目我都仔细听了,收益匪浅!感谢!如果初考完有必要的话,我找您一对一
1评分
128浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师说B把原文的REASON补全了;我翻译的-最近取消的工程说明了为了惩罚反对党,但是原因是这些报告wasteful,由不参与政治的审计人写的;因此总统取消项目的原因是因为预算不是因为党内斗争;目前这个逻辑很完整,我自己脑补不出来什么assumption-如果选项中有好的assumption我直接选,也根据做题方法是可以想想排除他因也是一种assumption,选项中有证明Project本身不涉及党派斗争,就是排除他因,可以选;另外就是考虑到选项立场/发起人一致,也会有说服力;B中说了项目不是总统控制的;我当时第一反应是如果总统控制就应该不被reject,总统自己的项目当然要实施,那不被总统控制的项目被reject还是可能涉及了党派?我想问一下assumption的题目除了清晰的assumption/排除他因-这个类似于增加/立场角度/还有什么套路?另外就是我没懂B的逻辑
0评分
121浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师您好, 我所不解的是一道逻辑假设题。 在做assumption的题目时,我脑子里首先想到的是去看选项是否有主句的否定词,然后通过这个小技巧留下了A,B,E。 接下来看到选项A提到not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.原文并没有要知道是否是the only way,所以我个人认为这个选项与原文谈的不是一个主题,所以排除。 对于B,觉得没什么错误,但是也不敢确定,就先放着。 对于E, Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects. 正好看到文中说report是written by respected nonpartisan auditors,心想如果假设了这些reports都not generally regarded by the opposition parties ,那就更保证了可信度。所以就有点糊里糊涂选了E。 结果还是做错了,应该选B。 对于B的理解还是有点模糊,希望老师给予指点,谢谢老师~ 题目我也粘贴在下方(第一次提问有点不知所措):) Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics. Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends? Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President's party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.
-1评分
112浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

听前面老英讲的,说道D就是谁更贵原文没提过。但是结论里面说的是被“预算”而不是被“政治”。 所以我理所应当的在选项里面找那个说到了“钱”的,直接选了D。 求解答为什么不应被这么想?
0评分
72浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

这道题我的理解中B已经在提干中说明,为什么还要在此再次说明?
0评分
62浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

提问唐老师,这个题我读了was clearly motivated by后面内容。觉得和budget有关就选择了D. 不知道B为啥对,D为啥错
0评分
61浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

选的c,c表明总统做的决定是公正的,反正以后建设高速也要拆,没有与党派纷争有关。
3评分
304浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

只有把B改成 “The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by opposition parties." 我觉得才make sense. 因为只有被identify成wasteful的这些项目大多数不在反对党控制的地区,而在其他不属于反对党控制的地区也有很多被认定成wasteful,才能证明President是不偏心的。B选项说的是被identify成wasteful的这些项目大多数不在总统控制的地区,也就意味着总统控制的地区没有什么被identify成wasteful的项目,所以只会让人怀疑总统还是偏心于他的党派的。
1评分
136浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

我选了E,我的思路是这样。假设题需要提炼出原文的逻辑链,我提炼的逻辑链:因为所有被取消的PROJECTS都被无党派人士认为是多余的,所以总统显然是公正的,没有党派偏见。 E选项说,无党派人士的报告是没有被反对党左右的。所以增加了结论的可信度。
0评分
132浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师,想问下这道题逻辑链怎么拎出来的。我初步的拎出来思路,还是有些翻译的感觉,您看我的问题怎么纠正:我:大多数反对党控制的区域的高速项目被取消了,原因其实并不是因为President要报复(外部审计师已提供足够客观的证明了),实际上取消是因为预算吃紧。老师可以语音或者语音文字结合,您怎么方便怎么回复。Tina老师反馈过的两道题目我都仔细听了,收益匪浅!感谢!如果初考完有必要的话,我找您一对一
1评分
128浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师说B把原文的REASON补全了;我翻译的-最近取消的工程说明了为了惩罚反对党,但是原因是这些报告wasteful,由不参与政治的审计人写的;因此总统取消项目的原因是因为预算不是因为党内斗争;目前这个逻辑很完整,我自己脑补不出来什么assumption-如果选项中有好的assumption我直接选,也根据做题方法是可以想想排除他因也是一种assumption,选项中有证明Project本身不涉及党派斗争,就是排除他因,可以选;另外就是考虑到选项立场/发起人一致,也会有说服力;B中说了项目不是总统控制的;我当时第一反应是如果总统控制就应该不被reject,总统自己的项目当然要实施,那不被总统控制的项目被reject还是可能涉及了党派?我想问一下assumption的题目除了清晰的assumption/排除他因-这个类似于增加/立场角度/还有什么套路?另外就是我没懂B的逻辑
0评分
121浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

老师您好, 我所不解的是一道逻辑假设题。 在做assumption的题目时,我脑子里首先想到的是去看选项是否有主句的否定词,然后通过这个小技巧留下了A,B,E。 接下来看到选项A提到not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.原文并没有要知道是否是the only way,所以我个人认为这个选项与原文谈的不是一个主题,所以排除。 对于B,觉得没什么错误,但是也不敢确定,就先放着。 对于E, Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects. 正好看到文中说report是written by respected nonpartisan auditors,心想如果假设了这些reports都not generally regarded by the opposition parties ,那就更保证了可信度。所以就有点糊里糊涂选了E。 结果还是做错了,应该选B。 对于B的理解还是有点模糊,希望老师给予指点,谢谢老师~ 题目我也粘贴在下方(第一次提问有点不知所措):) Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics. Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends? Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President's party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.
-1评分
112浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

听前面老英讲的,说道D就是谁更贵原文没提过。但是结论里面说的是被“预算”而不是被“政治”。 所以我理所应当的在选项里面找那个说到了“钱”的,直接选了D。 求解答为什么不应被这么想?
0评分
72浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

这道题我的理解中B已经在提干中说明,为什么还要在此再次说明?
0评分
62浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

提问唐老师,这个题我读了was clearly motivated by后面内容。觉得和budget有关就选择了D. 不知道B为啥对,D为啥错
0评分
61浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Critical Reasoning

选的c,c表明总统做的决定是公正的,反正以后建设高速也要拆,没有与党派纷争有关。

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