Reading Comprehension

[Reading Comprehension] 试题详情

    Historians who study European women of the Renaissance try to measure "independence," "options," and other indicators of the degree to which the expression of women's individuality was either permitted or suppressed.Influenced by Western individualism, these historians define a peculiar form of personhood: an innately bounded unit, autonomous and standing apart from both nature and society. An anthropologist, however, would contend that a person can be conceived in ways other than as an "individual." In many societies a person's identity is not intrinsically unique and self-contained but instead is defined within a complex web of social relationships.

    In her study of the fifteenth-century Florentine widow Alessandra Strozzi, a historian who specializes in European women of the Renaissance attributes individual intention and authorship of actions to her subject. This historian assumes that Alessandra had goals and interests different from those of her sons, yet much of the historian's own research reveals that Alessandra acted primarily as a champion of her sons' interests, taking their goals as her own. Thus Alessandra conforms more closely to the anthropologist's notion that personal motivation is embedded in a social context. Indeed, one could argue that Alessandra did not distinguish her personhood from that of her sons. In Renaissance Europe the boundaries of the con-ceptual self were not always firm and closed and did not necessarily coincide with the boundaries of the bodily self.
In the first paragraph, the author of the passage mentions a contention that would be made by an anthropologist most likely in order to

Options:

present a theory that will be undermined in the discussion of a historian's study later in the passage
offer a perspective on the concept of personhood that can usefully be applied to the study of women in Renaissance Europe
undermine the view that the individuality of European women of the Renaissance was largely suppressed
argue that anthropologists have applied the Western concept of individualism in their research
lay the groundwork for the conclusion that Alessandra's is a unique case among European women of the Renaissance whose lives have been studied by historians

Correct:

B

Reading Comprehension

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[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

排除了A,D。剩下B,D,E,不知道怎么选。
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[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

老师。这道题我全军覆没。自认为读懂了。但明显逻辑关系还是做题上反映出来比较模糊。我已经按照老师讲的系统练习两个月好像情况依然不稳定。请老师帮我把脉。我五月31日就打算第一次考试了也有可能只靠这一次,如果很差我赶紧转站别的考试了。也许G真的不是我擅长且可以通过努力去驾驭的。我赶紧把思路给列出来:开头说:历史学家研究欧洲文艺复兴时的女性,试图用一些标准来判断女性个体表达的程度是被西方个人主义允许了还是抑制了。这些人定义了一个比较奇特的概念personhood(what类细节解释一下啥意思)紧接着however,一个人类学家反对观点出来:人 并非 个人,而是依托复杂的社会关系存在的。 接着说某代表人物的研究举例接着说支持人类学家观点的内容。有位历史学家对某遗孀AS研究,这个AS就是欧洲女性典型--将行动始于个人意愿和个人目标。(L25-31看似很矛盾,既说AS个人目标与其子不同,yet又说了另一些历史学家认为AS所做都体现了母亲是把儿子们的目标都当成是自己的去做的。)L31thus是一个阶段总结,扣上前面说的AS还是处于社会环境下的个人。L35,Indeed处文章作者似乎也让步承认了前面看似矛盾的内容,可以把AS当作没有区别于她儿子的personhood。作者最后也说了一下矛盾存在的一种必然性:欧洲文艺复兴时期,概念性自我的界限没那么固定或一成不变。结束。所以作者其实批了一个最开始历史学家提出的观点,然后用人类学家观点“人是社会人”和某历史学家研究的AS为代表去力求支持人是社会人这个事。但最后好像差点儿把自己说进去,也承认了这个自我概念的界定不能太死板教条。您看我这么理解,是否有问题?这道题最终错选的是E。开始选B后来犹豫给杀了,因为personhood我刚做题读的时候觉得是作者反驳的,现在看,就应该属于作者最后把自己绕进去的那部分,她自己也默认了是personhood。您看是这么理解吗 ?谢谢!我现在也在跟着上述题班并且多揣摩老师的思路和思维模式,我尽可能总结好自己错误原因避免重蹈覆辙吧。谢谢您!
0评分
125浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

排除了A,D。剩下B,D,E,不知道怎么选。
0评分
92浏览

[点此查看答疑][GWD]Reading Comprehension

老师。这道题我全军覆没。自认为读懂了。但明显逻辑关系还是做题上反映出来比较模糊。我已经按照老师讲的系统练习两个月好像情况依然不稳定。请老师帮我把脉。我五月31日就打算第一次考试了也有可能只靠这一次,如果很差我赶紧转站别的考试了。也许G真的不是我擅长且可以通过努力去驾驭的。我赶紧把思路给列出来:开头说:历史学家研究欧洲文艺复兴时的女性,试图用一些标准来判断女性个体表达的程度是被西方个人主义允许了还是抑制了。这些人定义了一个比较奇特的概念personhood(what类细节解释一下啥意思)紧接着however,一个人类学家反对观点出来:人 并非 个人,而是依托复杂的社会关系存在的。 接着说某代表人物的研究举例接着说支持人类学家观点的内容。有位历史学家对某遗孀AS研究,这个AS就是欧洲女性典型--将行动始于个人意愿和个人目标。(L25-31看似很矛盾,既说AS个人目标与其子不同,yet又说了另一些历史学家认为AS所做都体现了母亲是把儿子们的目标都当成是自己的去做的。)L31thus是一个阶段总结,扣上前面说的AS还是处于社会环境下的个人。L35,Indeed处文章作者似乎也让步承认了前面看似矛盾的内容,可以把AS当作没有区别于她儿子的personhood。作者最后也说了一下矛盾存在的一种必然性:欧洲文艺复兴时期,概念性自我的界限没那么固定或一成不变。结束。所以作者其实批了一个最开始历史学家提出的观点,然后用人类学家观点“人是社会人”和某历史学家研究的AS为代表去力求支持人是社会人这个事。但最后好像差点儿把自己说进去,也承认了这个自我概念的界定不能太死板教条。您看我这么理解,是否有问题?这道题最终错选的是E。开始选B后来犹豫给杀了,因为personhood我刚做题读的时候觉得是作者反驳的,现在看,就应该属于作者最后把自己绕进去的那部分,她自己也默认了是personhood。您看是这么理解吗 ?谢谢!我现在也在跟着上述题班并且多揣摩老师的思路和思维模式,我尽可能总结好自己错误原因避免重蹈覆辙吧。谢谢您!

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