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[Critical Reasoning]

试题详情

题目:

One might expect that within a particular species, any individuals that managed to slow down the aging process would leave more offspring. Natural selection should therefore favor extreme longevity—but this does not seem to be the case. A possible explanation is that aging is a product of the inevitable wear and tear of living, similar to how household appliances generally accumulate faults that lead to their eventual demise. However, most researchers do not find this analogy satisfactory as an explanation.

Which of the following would, if true, provide the strongest explanation for the researchers’ reaction?

选项:

A、Some organisms are capable of living much longer than other organisms.
B、Some organisms reproduce very quickly despite having short lifespans.
C、There are several ways of defining “extreme longevity,” and according to some definitions it occurs frequently.
D、Organisms are capable of maintenance and self-repair and can remedy much of the damage that they accumulate.
E、Some organisms generate much more wear and tear on their bodies than others.

答案:

D

提问:

这道题我错选了c选项,不是很理解这个选项为什么有问题,因为在abde这四个选项里面都有organism出现,但是在题干里面又没有出现这个词,所以就不是很能理解这个和题干中信息的关系

解答:

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解答: 金栩竹老师

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