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[Reading Comprehension]

试题详情

文章:

Line Critics maintain that the fiction of Herman Melville
(1819–1891) has limitations, such as its lack
of inventive plots after Moby-Dick (1851) and its
occasionally inscrutable style. A more serious, yet
(5) problematic, charge is that Melville is a deficient
writer because he is not a practitioner of the “art of
fiction,” as critics have conceived of this art since the
late nineteenth-century essays and novels of Henry
James. Indeed, most twentieth-century commentators
(10) regard Melville not as a novelist but as a writer of
romance, since they believe that Melville’s fiction
lacks the continuity that James viewed as essential
to a novel: the continuity between what characters
feel or think and what they do, and the continuity
(15) between characters’ fates and their pasts or original
social classes. Critics argue that only Pierre (1852),
because of its subject and its characters, is close to
being a novel in the Jamesian sense.
However, although Melville is not a Jamesian
(20) novelist, he is not therefore a deficient writer. A more
reasonable position is that Melville is a different
kind of writer, who held, and should be judged
by, presuppositions about fiction that are quite
different from James’s. It is true that Melville wrote
(25) “romances”; however, these are not the escapist
fictions this word often implies, but fictions that
range freely among very unusual or intense human
experiences. Melville portrayed such experiences
because he believed these best enabled him to
(30) explore moral questions, an exploration he assumed
was the ultimate purpose of fiction. He was content
to sacrifice continuity or even credibility as long
as he could establish a significant moral situation.
Thus Melville’s romances do not give the reader
(35) a full understanding of the complete feelings and
thoughts that motivate actions and events that shape
fate. Rather, the romances leave unexplained the
sequence of events and either simplify or obscure
motives. Again, such simplifications and obscurities
(40) exist in order to give prominence to the depiction of
sharply delineated moral values, values derived from
a character’s purely personal sense of honor, rather
than, as in a Jamesian novel, from the conventions of
society.

题目:

The primary purpose of the passage is to

选项:

A、make a case for the importance of skillful psychological motivation in well-written novels and romances
B、contrast the romantic and novelistic traditions and assert the aesthetic superiority of the romantic tradition
C、survey some of the responses to Melville’s fiction put forward by James and twentieth-century literary critics
D、argue that the charges made against Melville’s fiction by literary critics are suspect and misleading
E、note several accusations made against Melville’s fiction by literary critics and refute one of these accusations

答案:

E

提问:

请问Tina老师,这道题我排除了ABC,比较DE. 觉得D的范围好像更大。E说one of these accusations感觉很细节,就没选E. 请问老师正确的思路应该是怎么样

提问:

请问Tina老师,这道题我排除了ABC,比较DE. 觉得D的范围好像更大。E说one of these accusations感觉很细节,就没选E. 请问老师正确的思路应该是怎么样
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